What Is Cancer?
Cancer is really a group of numerous associated diseases that all relate to cells. Cells are the really small systems that make up all living things, including the body. There are billions of cells in each individual's body.
Cancer happens when cells that are not typical grow and spread out very fast. Typical body cells grow and divide and understand to stop growing. Over time, they also pass away. Unlike these regular cells, cancer cells just continue to grow and divide out of control and don't pass away when they're expected to.
Cancer cells usually group or clump together to form tumors (state: TOO-mers). A growing growth ends up being a lump of cancer cells that can ruin the regular cells around the growth and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make someone extremely ill.
Often cancer cells break away from the original tumor and travel to other areas of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form brand-new growths. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a tumor to a new location in the body is called transition (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Reasons for Cancer
You probably know a kid who had chickenpox-- perhaps even you. However you most likely don't know any kids who have actually had cancer. If you loaded a big football stadium with kids, probably just one kid because stadium would have cancer.
Doctors aren't sure why some individuals get cancer and others do not. They do understand that cancer is not contagious. You can't catch it from somebody else who has it-- cancer isn't triggered by bacteria, like colds or the influenza are. So don't be afraid of other kids-- or anybody else-- with cancer. You can speak to, have fun with, and hug someone with cancer.
Kids can't get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids think that a bump on the head causes brain cancer or that bad individuals get cancer. This isn't real! Kids don't do anything wrong to get cancer. But some unhealthy practices, specifically smoking or drinking too much alcohol every day, can make you a lot more likely to get cancer when you become a grownup.
Learning about Cancer
It can take a while for a medical professional to figure out a kid has cancer. That's because the symptoms cancer can trigger-- weight-loss, fevers, inflamed glands, or feeling extremely tired or sick for a while-- typically are not triggered by cancer. When a kid has these issues, it's typically triggered by something less serious, like an infection. With medical testing, the physician can determine what's triggering the problem.
If the medical professional suspects cancer, he or she can do tests to figure out if that's the problem. A physician may buy X-rays and blood tests and advise the individual go to see an oncologist (say: on-KAH-luh-jist). An oncologist is a doctor who takes care of and deals with cancer clients. The oncologist will likely run other tests to discover if somebody actually has cancer. If so, tests can identify what kind of cancer it is and if it has spread Helpful site to other parts of the body. Based on the results, the physician will choose the very best method to treat it.
One test that an oncologist (or a cosmetic surgeon) might carry out is a biopsy (say: BY-op-see). Throughout a biopsy, a piece of tissue is removed from a tumor or a place in the body where cancer is thought, like the bone marrow. Don't fret-- somebody getting this test will get unique medication to keep him or her comfy throughout the biopsy. The sample that's gathered will be taken a look at under a microscopic lense for cancer cells.
The earlier cancer is found and treatment begins, the better someone's chances are for a full recovery and cure.
Treating Cancer Carefully
Cancer is treated with surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation-- or in some cases a combination of these treatments. The choice of treatment depends upon:
Surgical treatment is the earliest type of treatment for cancer-- 3 out of every 5 individuals with cancer will have an operation to eliminate it. Throughout surgical treatment, the physician attempts to secure as lots of cancer cells as possible. Some healthy cells or tissue might likewise be gotten rid of to make certain that all the cancer is gone.
Chemotherapy (say: kee-mo-THER-uh-pee) is the usage of anti-cancer medications (drugs) to deal with cancer. These medications are often taken as a tablet, however generally are offered through an unique intravenous (state: in-truh-VEE-nus) line, likewise called an IV. An IV is a small plastic catheter (straw-like tube) that is taken into a vein through somebody's skin, generally on the arm. The catheter is connected to a bag that holds the medication. The medication streams from the bag into a vein, which puts the medication into the blood, where it can take a trip throughout the body and attack cancer cells.